Barbara Kolb is an American composer and talented clarinetist from Hartford, Connecticut. She received her B.M., cum laude, and M.M. degrees from the Hartt College of Music at the University of Hartford. She then relocated to Vienna on a Fulbright Fellowship grant and became the first female American composer to win the Rome Prize in 1969. Kolb later became artistic director of contemporary music at the Third Street Music School Settlement. She taught at Rhode Island College, and Eastman School of Music.