Laurence Vail Coleman (1893-1982) was an American writer and museum director. He attended Yale and Harvard University, and was named Director of the American Association of Museums in 1943. Coleman authored numerous books about museums, most notably Historic House Museums (1933), and was considered the expert on this topic at the time. He was also a frequent Fellow at MacDowell, having worked there six times between 1936 and 1946. Coleman retired from the American Association of Museums in 1958 and was named Director Emeritus for his lifetime achievements.